The African Charter on Human Rights and Peoples Rights
A Legal Analysis , Emmanuel G. Bello
This course of Emmanuel G. Bello, legal adviser at the ministry of justice in Harare, is devoted to a legal analysis of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, that was adopted in 1981. According to the author, the Charter on Human Rights reflects the will of member States of the OAU in their efforts to draw a distinction between the Western and Eastern functional ideologies of human rights, by including an African element in its provisions. The introduction gives a detailed historical analysis of the events leading to the final adoption of the Charter. In the second part he examines the protective measures which relate to the structure of the African Commission and its legal mandate. Emmanuel Bello next analyses the procedure for initiating petitions before the Commission and finally he examines the supervisory functions as stipulated by the Charter.
Le Plateau c
ontinental dans la Convention de 1982 sur le Droit de la Mer , Vicente Marotta Rangel
Vicente Marotta Rangel, Professor at the University of São Paulo, presents in this course a systematic and detailed analysis on the continental shelf as it is defined in the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea. After some general remarks on the Convention and on the definition of the continental shelf, the author examines first of all the role of the different factors that influence the regime of the continental shelf (geographical, economical, technological, political and strategic factors), before describing the codification of the applicable rules. Vicente Marotta Rangel also examines the continental shelf's legal regime, and finally investigates the demarcation of the boundaries of the continental shelf between neighbouring States.